According to the Government Regulation Number 54 year 2007, an Indonesian child adoption can be classified as "a legal act that transfers a child (an Indonesian child) from his/her biological parents authority to the adoptant parental authority"
In Indonesia, the basic aims and purposes of an Indonesian child adoption is to transfer the child's civil and legal rights to the new environment, which is the adoptant parents, and the whole proceedings can be conducted based upon a Court verdict.
A couple who can't have a biological child during their legitimate marriage, can apply for an adoption in Indonesia, or others that have decided not to go for marriage may also apply for an Indonesian child adoption.
PERFORMING AN INDONESIAN CHILD ADOPTION
In order to conduct an Indonesian child adoption, the adoptant parents must file a legal petition to the local district court which covers the child's legal domicile area. The said application must be submitted to the Indonesian District court by the adoptant parents or by their legal representatives such as an attorney.
THE LEGAL PETITION.
The legal petition submitted to the local Indonesian district court, in regards to the Indonesian child adoption proceedings, must consist several basic motivations to adopt the child and it should able to described how delightful the child's life will be if the adoption proceedings has been successfully conducted. When the court session is began, the adoptant parents must provide The Indonesian District Court with at least two witnesses, who is fully aware of The Indonesian child adoption proceedings that would like to be conducted by the adoptant parents.
REGISTRATION AT THE INDONESIAN CIVIL REGISTRY OFFICE
After The Indonesian District Court has grant the aforementioned legal petition submitted by the adoptant parents, the court order must be submitted to The Indonesian Civil Registry Office, to obtain further certifications regarding The Indonesian Child Adoption proceedings and to enlist the adoptant parents name onto the adopted child's Indonesian birth certificate.
INDONESIAN CHILD ADOPTION LEGAL CONSEQUENCES
An Indonesian child adoption proceedings may arise certain legal consequences in regards to the child & the adoptant parents, such as:
When The Indonesian District Court grants The Adoptant Parents legal petition to adopt the said Indonesian child, at the same moment, the adoptant parents has also been appointed as the legal guardian for the said child, all rights and obligations that the child's biological parents have has been transferred to the adoptant parents .
Indonesian legal systems has provide many options to determine an inheritance or rights of heirs for an adopted child. The rights for inheritance for an Indonesian adopted child, can be classified as an option that may be taken by the adoptant parents in order to secure or to provide a better and more sustainable support for the adopted child.